The Mediterranean is the deadlist route for migrants worldwide.
Only this year, 2020, over 900 migrants lost their life in the attempt to cross the Mediterannean, of whom 752 deaths have been recorded on Central Mediterranean route.
Through the Safety, Support and Solutions (SSS II) programme IOM protects migrants along this extremely perilous route in West, Central and North Africa. We provide direct humanitarian assistance and carry out life-saving search & rescue interventions in the desert. To date, 35,000 migrants in extremely vulnerable situations has been provided with critical life-saving support and 230,000 have been provided with essential information on how to access services, as well as on some of the dangers along the route as part of IOM's awareness raising efforts. IOM also supports returning migrants to reintegrate in their communities of origin. Research constitutes another key element of this programme, with the purpose of better understanding the factors that influence migrant choices in the regions. The programme runs across 11 countries: Algeria, Burkina Faso, Côte D’Ivoire, The Gambia, Guinea, Lybia, Mali, Morocco, Niger, Senegal, Tunisia.
• 8, 649 people have been rescued through Humanitarian Search and Rescue in the desert operations in the Sahara.
• 8,028 migrants have been reached with critical humanitarian assistance to support their needs, such as shelter, healthcare or reintegration support.
• 4,981 migrants have been given shelter across the five countries - Guinea, The Gambia, Senegal, Niger and Mali.
• 3, 703 returnees have been provided with reintegration support, helping them to return and reintegrate into their home communities. Reintegration support includes training in how to set up a business, as well as support for business ideas such as pineapple farming and soap production. (expand on the type of reintegration support)
• 10 shelters have been renovated or refurbished in Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso, Senegal, The Gambia and Guinea.
• 233,876 people have been reached with essential information on the dangers associated to irregular migration routes and on how to access humanitarian services and support during their journey.