The Mediterranean is the deadliest route for migrants worldwide.
In 2020, over 1,400 migrants lost their life in the attempt to cross the Mediterannean, of whom almost 1,000 deaths have been recorded just on Central Mediterranean route.
The programme focused on 4 key areas.
Protecting Migrants from harm: migrants in very vulnerable situations have been provided with shelter, food and medical care. We also raised awareness of the dangers of crossing the Sahara and the Mediterranean Sea.
Returning Home and Reintegration: migrants who wished to return home, to their families and communities, have been supported to do so safely and with dignity, enabling them to rebuild their lives. We supported them with travel logistics, shelter, business training that helps set up new livelihoods, and by strengthening social networks to facilitate reintegration in the communities of origin.
Data Analysis: Data collection and studies on migration help practitioners to understand complex movement dynamics, migration drivers, decision making, needs, vulnerabilities and resilience. This information also helps governments to improve their migration management, with the purpose of making migration overall safer.
Understanding migration decision making. Why do people migrate, how do they make the decision to move, and what factors affect their choices? Together with University of Birmingham, IOM produced a research study, MigChoice, that investigated these questions.
• Over 8,000 people have been rescued and provided with life-saving support in the Sahara Desert through search and rescue operations in Niger.
• 18,000 migrants have been reached with support , such as shelter, healthcare or reintegration initiatives.
• 10 shelters have been renovated or refurbished in Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso, Senegal, The Gambia and Guinea
• More than 4,500 migrants have accessed safe shelter in Guinea, The Gambia, Senegal, Niger and Mali.
• Over 3,500 returnees have been provided with reintegration support, helping them to reintegrate into their home communities. Reintegration support includes training in how to set up a business as well as support to bring business ideas to life. Other assistance includes vocational training and continued education.
• More than 230,000 people have been reached with essential information on the dangers of irregular migration routes and on how to access humanitarian services and support during their journey.
• 2,000 practitioners, government officials, CSOs and NGOs staff have received capacity building training in how to better respond to migrants needs.
• More than 150 studies, data briefings, infographics or data updates have been produced on migrant dynamics on the Central Mediterranean Route.