Trafficking Vulnerabilities Study: Albania, Nigeria and Viet Nam

Between 2017 and 2019, IOM worked with the University of Bedfordshire on a research project exploring vulnerabilities and resilience to human trafficking in Albania, Nigeria and Viet Nam – the top three countries of origin for people referred into the UK National Referral Mechanism (NRM) as potential victims of trafficking. Using IOM’s determinants of migrant vulnerability model (below) to help shape this study, the research widens the evidence base on the contextual factors that can contribute to a trafficking situation at an individual, household and family, community and structural level. 

                                                       IOM Determinants of Migrant Vulnerability (DoMV) Model


The project started with ‘Shared Learning Events’ in Albania, Viet Nam and Nigeria, bringing together a range of relevant governmental and non-governmental actors working to share what is already known about trafficking within these countries with a particular focused on trafficking to the UK.

A total of 164 semi-structured interviews were then carried out between February and November 2018 with adults who had experienced trafficking and key informants with knowledge about trafficking in Albania, Viet Nam, Nigeria and the UK.

The research produced the following outputs:

This project was funded by the Home Office Modern Slavery Innovation Fund (MSIF), phase 1. 


"Migration is one of the key realities of our time. It cuts across communities, influences priorities, and shapes societies.
To realise the benefits of migration for migrants and host communities alike, our responses must be innovative, collaborative and designed beyond the immediate."


Dipti Pardeshi, Chief of Mission of the IOM UK Office