Trafficking Vulnerabilities Study: Albania, Nigeria and Viet Nam
Between 2017 and 2019, IOM worked with the University of Bedfordshire on a research project exploring vulnerabilities and resilience to human trafficking in Albania, Nigeria and Viet Nam – the top three countries of origin for people referred into the UK National Referral Mechanism (NRM) as potential victims of trafficking. Using IOM’s determinants of migrant vulnerability model (below) to help shape this study, the research widens the evidence base on the contextual factors that can contribute to a trafficking situation at an individual, household and family, community and structural level.
IOM Determinants of Migrant Vulnerability (DoMV) Model
The project started with ‘Shared Learning Events’ in Albania, Viet Nam and Nigeria, bringing together a range of relevant governmental and non-governmental actors working to share what is already known about trafficking within these countries with a particular focused on trafficking to the UK.
A total of 164 semi-structured interviews were then carried out between February and November 2018 with adults who had experienced trafficking and key informants with knowledge about trafficking in Albania, Viet Nam, Nigeria and the UK.
The research produced the following outputs:
- A Shared Learning Event Report Albania and Timeline
- A Shared Learning Event Report Viet Nam and Timeline
- A Shared Learning Event Report Nigeria and Timeline
- A review of academic and ‘grey’ literature
- A Final Report - "Between Two Fires"
- An Executive Summary of “Between Two Fires”
This project was funded by the Home Office Modern Slavery Innovation Fund (MSIF), phase 1.